Petra is one of the most fascinating historical sites in the world. The city is located in the southwestern part of Jordan and is known for its beautiful architecture carved into the rock. Petra was once the capital of the Nabataean Kingdom and was a center of trade between the East and West. Today, Petra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and attracts millions of tourists every year.

History of Petra

Petra was founded around the 6th century BC by the Nabataean people. The city was built on a plateau that was surrounded by mountains. The Nabataeans were skilled at carving structures into the rock and they used this technique to create many of the buildings in Petra. The city was an important center of trade, connecting the East and West. The Nabataeans were known for their skill in trading spices, incense, and other goods.

The Rose City

Petra is often called the “Rose City” because of the color of the rock from which it is carved. The rock is a beautiful shade of pink and it glows in the sunlight. The most famous structure in Petra is the Treasury, which is carved into the rock face. The Treasury is a beautiful building with intricate carvings and is one of the most photographed structures in Petra.

Exploring Petra

Petra is a vast site and there is a lot to explore. The best way to see Petra is on foot. The main entrance to Petra is through the Siq, a narrow canyon that is approximately one mile long. The Siq is a beautiful walk and is lined with rock formations and carvings. As you walk through the Siq, you will catch your first glimpse of the Treasury.

Once you reach the end of the Siq, you will enter the main area of Petra. Here you will find many structures carved into the rock, including the Royal Tombs, the Monastery, and the Amphitheater. The Monastery is located at the top of a mountain and is a challenging climb, but the views from the top are worth it.

The Bedouin People

The Bedouin people have lived in and around Petra for centuries. They are a nomadic tribe that has a deep connection to the land. The Bedouin people are known for their hospitality and their willingness to share their culture with others. Many of the Bedouin people work as guides in Petra and can provide a unique perspective on the history of the site.

Preservation of Petra

Petra is a fragile site and it is important to take steps to preserve it. The Jordanian government has worked hard to protect Petra and has implemented measures to limit the impact of tourism on the site. Visitors are asked to respect the site by not climbing on the structures or littering.


Petra is a unique and fascinating historical site that is definitely worth a visit. The city’s beautiful architecture and rich history make it a must-see destination for anyone interested in history or architecture. The Bedouin people add a special touch to the experience, sharing their culture and history with visitors. It is important to remember to respect the site and take steps to preserve it for future generations.


  1. Can you climb on the structures in Petra?
    No, climbing on the structures is not allowed as it can cause damage to the site.
  2. Is Petra open year-round?
    Yes, Petra is open year-round but it is best to visit during the cooler months.
  3. Can you visit Petra on your own or do you need a guide?
    You can visit Petra on your own, but a guide can provide valuable information about the site.
  4. Are there any accommodations near Petra?
    Yes, there are several hotels and guesthouses located near Petra.
  5. Is it safe to travel to Petra?
    Yes, Petra is a safe destination for tourists. The Jordanian government takes the safety of tourists very seriously.